he term gingivitis refers to inflammation of the gums. It is the first stage of gum disease. Inflammation of the gums is most commonly caused by plaque, the white film that collects on teeth when they are not brushed for a few hours. Plaque is a collection of bacteria, bacterial byproducts and biofilm.
The classification is applied when no supporting bone loss has occurred. This is determined by obtaining periodontal probings to determine the stage of disease. Periodontal probings can increase slightly during gingivitis, usually about 1mm, due to inflammation of the tissue. Swollen tissue can bleed easily during probing, brushing or flossing.
Treatment of Gingivitis
At this stage the disease process can be easily controlled with oral hygiene and simple professional cleaning. Flossing once a day and brushing at least twice a day will eliminate any irritants that collect on the teeth and allow the tissue to heal. Good regular oral hygiene practice will prevent subsequent inflammation of the gum tissue. It is normal for the tissue to bleed during flossing for the first few times. Afterwards the tissue will go back to normal and no bleeding should be expected.
Other forms of Gingivitis
As we mentioned earlier gingivitis refers to the inflammation of the gum tissue. The most common cause of inflammation is plaque. There are other conditions that can also lead to inflammation of the tissue that may be aggravated by plaque build-up. These include inflammation of the gum tissue do medications, irregular filling or crown margins, allergic reaction to certain material, pregnancy, puberty, mouth breathing, and some systemic medical conditions.