Another form of malocclusion is spacing of teeth. Spacing is the opposite of crowding and is an excess of available space between the teeth, which results in gaps.
Spacing Problems and Treatment
Most common problems encountered with spacing between the teeth is an esthetically unpleasing appearance and collection of food between the teeth during chewing. Many people feel that gaps between the teeth can create an unnatural or unattractive appearance. Spacing can also create challenges with oral hygiene practices. Due to gaps present between the teeth, more frequent removal of debris may be necessary due to food impaction.
Eliminating space present between the teeth is usually easier than trying to create space. Gaps between the teeth can occur in a patient with a large jaw and small to normal size teeth, or an average size jaw and small teeth. Usually phase 1 treatment is not necessary because there is enough space to bring all the teeth into proper alignment. After phase 2 treatment is started, the treatment time averages around 24 months. Phase 2 treatment consists of placing orthodontic brackets and bands and moving the teeth with different size wires into ideal positions. Retention is necessary after orthodontic treatment is completed to keep the teeth in the new position.